Born Adrian Nicholas Matthews Thaws, he was raised in the Knowle West area of Bristol. Enduring a tough childhood, he set aside gang life in order to focus on music, penning lyrics and rapping in the mid-'80s. At first, he was a member of the Wild Bunch, a local rap crew that eventually metamorphosed into Massive Attack before the end of the decade. Tricky provided pivotal raps on that group's groundbreaking 1992 album, Blue Lines, before releasing his debut solo single, "Aftermath." Around this time, he met a teenage vocalist named Martina Topley-Bird, who went on to become one of his most fruitful musical collaborators.
In 1994, Tricky signed with 4th Broadway. The contract contained a clause that allowed him to release side projects under different names, in addition to regular Tricky releases. "Ponderosa" and "Overcome" were released over the course of 1994; that same year, he made a cameo on Massive Attack's second album, Protection. Tricky's debut album, Maxinquaye, appeared in the spring of 1995. Not only did the album receive overwhelmingly positive reviews when it was released, but it entered the U.K. charts at number two, despite the total lack of daytime radio airplay. Throughout 1995, Tricky was omnipresent in the U.K., collaborating with and remixing for a wide variety of artists, including Björk, Luscious Jackson, and Whale. In the fall of 1995, he released Tricky vs. the Gravediggaz, a collaboration with the American hardcore rap group, as well as a single called "I Be the Prophet," which was released under the name Starving Souls. At the end of the year, Maxinquaye topped many year-end polls in Britain, including Melody Maker's and NME's.
In February of 1996, Nearly God -- an album featuring Tricky's collaborations with artists as diverse as Terry Hall, Björk, Alison Moyet, and Neneh Cherry -- was released, again to strong reviews; it came out in the U.S. six months later. After completing the second full-fledged Tricky album, he relocated to New York City in early 1996, and began working with underground rappers. An EP called Grassroots was released in the U.S. in September. Two months later, Tricky's official second album, Pre-Millennium Tension, was released. The set went on to become his second-best selling in the U.S. and his first to chart on the Billboard 200.
In addition to his three releases of 1996, he remixed artists as diverse as Elvis Costello, Garbage, Yoko Ono, and Bush. Tricky's next full-length solo effort, Angels with Dirty Faces, appeared in 1998, followed a year later by Juxtapose, a collaboration with Cypress Hill's DJ Muggs and DMX's producer Dame Grease.
In 2001, Tricky returned with the Mission Accomplished EP, which was released by the Epitaph subsidiary label Anti. Blowback, his first for Hollywood Records, appeared later that June and included various collaborations with Hawkman, Live's Ed Kowalczyk, Alanis Morissette, and Red Hot Chili Peppers' Anthony Kiedis and John Frusciante. Increasingly aware of his brooding persona in the media and annoyed that popular music magazines had started labeling him "the Dark Prince," he made Vulnerable in 2003 in an attempt to expose himself as a more accessible artist. The same year, the Back to Mine label released an album of remixes that he compiled before he took a five-year hiatus from recording new material.
Knowle West Boy, his most critically acclaimed recording since Pre-Millennium Tension, marked a strong return by the trip-hop pioneer in 2008, and Tricky toured for a solid year behind it. In August 2010, he emerged with the single "Murder Weapon," a reworking of Echo Minott's '90s-era dancehall hit that obsessed him. Following in the tradition of his infamous read of Public Enemy's "Black Steel" with backing vocalist Martina Topley-Bird, "Murder Weapon," like its precursor, also featured a female voice, in this case, Irish-Italian singer Franky Riley, one of his backing vocalists on the road. Tricky followed the single with the album Mixed Race later that fall.
Unhappy with Domino Records, he started his own False Idols label for the release of his ninth solo album, also named False Idols. After a couple of years of touring and festival appearances, he announced details of his tenth album, Adrian Thaws. Titled after his birth name, the 2014 release was another creative rebirth from the ever-evolving artist. Like 1996's Nearly God, his 2016 release Skilled Mechanics fell somewhere between a proper album and a side project, with Tricky joined by guests like Oh Land as well as artists from the False Idols imprint. He was back in 2017 with ununiform, which found him returning to his sonic roots with the help of frequent collaborators Topley-Bird and Francesca Belmonte, along with newcomers to his circle like Kazakh rapper Scriptonite and California vocalist Avalon Lurks, who sang on a cover of Hole's "Doll Parts."
Taking a break from music, he penned an autobiography titled Hell Is Round the Corner, which arrived in 2019. That same year, Mina Mazy, his daughter with Topley-Bird, died by suicide at the age of 24. In mourning, he processed some of his grief by returning to the studio. The resulting EP, 20, 20, arrived early in 2020 and featured collaborations with Marta and Anika. Further fruit from the same sessions appeared later that year in the shape of his 14th full-length Fall to Pieces, which once again featured vocal contributions from Marta and a returning Oh Land. ~ Stephen Thomas Erlewine & Neil Z. Yeung, Rovi
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