Mitchell was born in 1981 in Vermont, where her father, a novelist and college professor, named her after writer Anaïs Nin. Inspired by bold female songwriters including DiFranco, Tori Amos, and Dar Williams, she began writing songs and seeking out opportunities to perform in high school. Having traveled to the Middle East, Latin America, and Europe in childhood, she then studied languages and international politics at Vermont's Middlebury College. Her first album, The Song They Sang...When Rome Fell, arrived in 2002.
In 2004, Waterbug Records released Mitchell's second album, the Michael Chorney-produced Hymns for the Exiled. DiFranco then signed Mitchell to her famed Righteous Babe Records label. Also produced by Chorney, her debut on the label was 2007's The Brightness. A collaboration with folk singer Rachel Ries, Country E.P., followed a year later.
Mitchell's fourth full-length, 2010's Hadestown, was based on her American folk opera version of the Greek myth of Orpheus and Eurydice, which she had staged in New England. Chorney did the orchestrations. The concept-album version featured Mitchell as Eurydice, Bon Iver's Justin Vernon as Orpheus, and DiFranco as Persephone, among other folk-minded guests, including Greg Brown and the Low Anthem's Ben Knox Miller. The critically acclaimed record reached number nine on Billboard's Americana/Folk Albums chart as well as landing in the Top 40 of the Heatseekers chart.
As Mitchell endeavored to develop her musical for a bigger stage, she continued to write and record, releasing the sociopolitically charged Young Man in America via Wilderland Records in 2012. It reached number 13 on the Americana/folk chart. A set of folk ballads originally by Francis James Child and recorded with Jefferson Hamer, Child Ballads followed on the same label in 2013 and hit number 20 on the folk chart. A year later, Mitchell issued her seventh studio album, xoa, a mix of original songs and re-recorded tracks from her catalog. Opener "Any Way the Wind Blows" would later appear in the reworked Hadestown.
After premiering off-Broadway in 2016 (a run that produced the cast recording Hadestown: The Myth. The Musical.), then moving to Edmonton, Canada (2017) and London, England (2018), Hadestown opened at Broadway's Walter Kerr Theatre in April 2019. Its cast included singer/songwriter Reeve Carney (Orpheus) and Broadway alumni such as Eva Noblezada (Eurydice), Patrick Page (Hades), Amber Gray (Persephone), and André De Shields (Hermes). That year, the show was nominated for 14 Tony Awards, winning eight, including Best Musical, Best Original Score for Mitchell, and best featured actor for De Shields. Containing the full score, the over-two-hour Broadway cast recording saw release by Sing It Again Records in July 2019. It became a Billboard Top Five independent album.
In 2020, Mitchell teamed up with Eric D. Johnson (Fruit Bats, the Shins) and Josh Kaufman (the National, Hiss Golden Messenger) under the moniker Bonny Light Horseman. The group's eponymous debut, which featured a blend of British folk songs and originals, earned a pair of Grammy nominations. 2022 saw the release of Anaïs Mitchell, her first album of new material since 2012's Young Man in America. Featuring the indie folk hit "Bright Star," the ten-song set included guest spots from Michael Lewis, JT Bates, Thomas Bartlett, Aaron Dessner, and Nico Muhly. ~ Marcy Donelson, Rovi
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